The Effects of Extracurricular Sport Activities on The Alienation of The Students

Mehmet Yanık
330

Abstract


This study aims to determine the effects of extracurricular sport activities which are carried out in the secondary schools to the alienation of the students. This study in which it is used relational screening model has been carried out with 640 students who are selected by random sampling method. As the data collection tool, it is used “Student Alienation Scale” which was develop by Mau (1992) and was adapted into Turkish by Sanberk (2003). The scale’s Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient is 0,79.  In the process of analyzing the data, frequency and percentage distribution, arithmetic average and standard deviation and unpaired t-test are utilized. In the comparison process of more than two groups, one-way analysis of variance (oneway ANOVA) and Post Hoc tests values are used. According to the findings from the research the student’s alienation point averages are found as 3.12±0.56. Judging from the variables used in the research, in terms of gender the males, in terms of the school type the students who study at a public school, the students who find the extracurricular activity levels as insufficient and the students that never participate to the extracurricular sport activities at school have a higher point of alienation level. Alienation from the school which is an unwanted situation in education can be prevented only if the sense of belonging to the school can be gained. And the sense of belonging to the school can be gained by increasing the extracurricular sport activities in schools and promoting the participation to these activities. In accordance with this purpose, participation of the school teams into contests should be encouraged more. 


Keywords


Alienation, Dropout, Extracurricular Sport Activities, Physical Training and Sports