Cenk Temel, Aysel Namlı, Seçkin Doğaner, Velittin Balcı
2.828 614


In this research, it was aimed to analyse how the youth camps which offer new experiences in a common living area within a given period of time for the young people were perceived with the help of metaphors by the participants. This study is a qualitative study in a phenomenological pattern which analyses the campers’ perceptions about the youth camps through metaphors. The study of the research, consisted of 273 people including both men and women who were participating in the youth camps organized by the Ministry of Youth and Sports in Karabük and Bolu during the summer of 2014. According to the findings of the research it was determined that the participants created 120 metaphors related to the youth camps which were described in seven categories. As a result it was stated that the majority of the campers who participated in the youth camps organised by the Ministry of Youth and Sports were satisfied with the camp life and the activities, the camps provided them experiences beside the entertainment, they could experience the sense of unity and solidarity due to the groups formed by the participants coming from different cities, the activities introduced them novelties, the camp life made the participants relaxed by taking them away from the daily stress and troubles, beside all these it was stated that the camp life had also disciplinary features by providing the compliance of the participants to the culture of the common solidarity.


Youth camps, Metaphors, Perceptions

Full Text:



Aktaş, G.G., (2011). “The traces of the Spatial Social Life in Anatolia, Art and Design Magazine, Issue 7, page: 55-68.

Allsop, J., Sandra, N., Sibthrop, J., (2013). “Assessing the Social Effect of Therapeutic Recreation Summer Camp for Adolescents with Chronic illness”. Therapeutic Recreation Journal volume: XLVII, No. 1 page: 35-46

Beets, M.W., Weaver, R.G., Beighle, A., Webster, C. ve Pate, R.R., (2013). “How Physically Active Are Children Attending Summer Day Camps?”. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 10, 850-855.

Bektaş, F., Bayazoğlu, G., Yıldıran, İ., Yılmaz, İ., (2013). “Exploring the Perceptıons of The Volunteers For The 2011 European Youth Olympics Through Metaphors”. Niğde University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences Volume: 7, No: 2

Christopher, A. T., Scanlin, M.M., Scheuler, L., Henderson, K. A., (2007). “Youth Development Outcomes of the Camp Experience: Evidence for Multidimensional Growth". J Youth Adolescence 36: 241–254 DOI 10.1007/s10964-006-9142-6.

Çoşkuner, Z., (2009). The analysis of the Youth Camps in Turkey, Institute of Health Sciences, Fırat Üniversity, Master’s Thesis, Elazığ.

Ekici, S. and Çolakoğlu, T., (2005). Comparing the benefit levels of the young people at different age from youth camps organized by the Ministry of Youth and Sports, Gazi Üniversityi, Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, Volume: 25, Issue:2, Page: 145-156.

Gültekin, Y.Ş., Girdi Gültekin, P., (2012). Kabatepe Camp Forest-Caravan and Tent Campground Recreational Value of Protecting and Recommendations for the Development of 08.36bildiri.pdf> (Retrieved, September 24, 2014)

Güney, S., (2006). Behavioural Sciences, Enhanced 3rd edition, Nobel Yayın Dağıtım: Ankara.

Hanna, N. A., Berndt, T.J., (1995). “Relations between Friendship, Group Acceptance, and Evaluations of Summer Camp”. doi: 10.1177/0272431695015004004, The Journal of Early Adolescence, Volume: 15 No: 4 456-475

Henderson, K.A., Bialeschki, M.D., Scanlin, M.M., Thurber, C., Whitaker, L.S. ve Marsh, P.E., (2007). “Components of Camp Experiences for Positive Youth Development”. Journal Of Youth Development Bridging Research And Practice, Volume: 1, Number: 3.

Hickersen, B.D. ve Hendersen, K.A., (2014). “Since Many Children Are Not İn School During These Months, Alternative Forms Of Services Can Be Offered With The Aim Of Encouraging Healthy Behaviors”. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11, 199- 205.

Hogg, M.A. ve Vaughan G.M., (2007). “Social Psychology”, Çeviri: Yıldız, İ., Gelmez A., Ankara, Ütopya Publication

http://www.acacamps.org/sites/default/files/images/research/Inspirations.pdf (Retrieved, Septempber 11, 2014).

http://genclikkamplari.gsb.gov.tr (Retrieved August 28, 2014).

Karaküçük, S., (2008). Recreation, evaluating the leisure time, Sixth Edition, Gaze Publishing: Ankara.

Kılıç, M.; Şener, G., (2013). Social Factors and Structural Constrains in the University Students’ participations in Recreational Activities. Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi/Journal of Higher Education and Science, Volume: 3, No: 3, Page: 220-227 DOI: 10.5961/jhes.2013.080.

Mavili Aktaş, A., (1997). Group Process and Group Dynamics, Sistem Publication: İstanbul.

Miles, M.B., ve Huberman, A.M., (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.

Neill, J.T. (2007). Psychological aspects of outdoor education. (Retrieved September 07, 2014).

Özen, G., Özen, Ş. ve Tiryaki Sönmez, G., (2014). “The effects of camping experiences and Barrier activities on the self-efficacy perceptions of the participants”. Journal of Sports and Performance Researches, Volume: 5, No: 2.

Paris, L., (2008). Children’s Nature: The Rise of the American Summer Camps. New York University Press.

Ramsing, R., Sibthorp, J., (2008). “The Role of Autonomy Support in Summer Camp Programs: Preparing Youth for Productive Behaviors”. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, Volume: 26, No: 2.

Sibthorp J., Bialescki M.D., Morgan C. ve Browne L., (2013). “Validating, Norming, and Utility Of A Youth Outcomes Battery for Recreation Programs and Camps”. Journal Leisure Research, Volume: 45, No: 4, Page: 514- 536.

Yıldırım, A., Şimşek, H., (2005). Qualitative Research Methods in Social Sciences 5th Press. Ankara: Seçkin Publication.