PERIODIZATION: A TRAINING SCIENCE FOR PEAK PERFORMANCE IN SPORT
Abstract Training variation is increasingly acknowledged as serving a key function in successful training prescription. It offers a framework for planned and systematic variation of training parameters, in a way that direct physiological adaptations to the training goal required for the sports are achieved. Accordingly, training studies typically find periodized training to elicit improved training responses in comparison to training groups employing constant load throughout the training period. It is an innovative way of preparing athletes for competitions. The art of periodization uses progressive overload, general adaptation and recovery principles, bringing in an element of science and planning into exercise variation. Periodized training offers development of strength, power, body composition and other performance variables. Most sport coaches do not understand how periodization works and it benefits, hence this study.