Serdar Kocaekşi
1.823 444


The aim of study was to investigate collective efficacy and team cohesion levels of successful (N=35) and unsuccessful (N=40) handball players. The results indicated non-significant difference in the ATG-T-1 (F=2.750; p=.102) and ATG-T-2 (F=3.258; p=.075) levels of successful and unsuccessful teams. A significant difference was found in the ATG-S-1 (F=3.959; p=.050) and ATG-S–2 (F=5.922; p=.017) levels of successful and unsuccessful teams (p<0.05). Results revealed non- difference found between successful and unsuccessful teams’ GI-T-1 levels (F=.256; p=.614), however a significant difference was found between successful and unsuccessful teams’ GI-T-2 results (F=30.698; p=.000). The results indicated non- significant difference in the GI-S-1 (F=1.867; p=.176) and GI-S-2 (F=.316; p=.576) levels of successful and unsuccessful teams (p>0.05). A significant different was found in the Collective Efficacy-1 (F=19.885; p=.000) and Collective Efficacy–2 (F=32.971; p=.000) levels of successful and unsuccessful teams (p<0.05). Findings suggested that collective efficacy of successful and unsuccessful teams are different.


Cohesion, Efficacy, Collective Efficacy, Success, Handball.

Full Text:



Bandura, A. (1982). Self efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122–147

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1990). Perceived self-efficacy in the exercise of personal agency. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2, 128 – 163.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman.

Brawley, L.R., Carron,A. & Widmeyer,W.N. (1993). The influence of the group and its cohesiveness on perceptions of group-related variables. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 15, 245-260.

Carron, V.A., (1982). “Cohesiveness in Sport Groups: Interpretations and Considerations” Journal of Sport Psychology, 4, 123-138.

Carron, A.V., Widmeyer, W.N. & L.R. Brawley (1985). “The Development of Instrument to Assess Cohesion in Sport Teams: The Group Environment Questionnaire”. Journal of Sport Psychology, 7, 244-266

Carron, A.V., Bray, R.S., & Eys, A.M. (2002). Team cohesion and team success in sport. Journal of Sport Sciences. 20, 119-126.

Carron, A.V., Colman, M. & M. Wheeler, J., (2002). Cohesion and Performance in Sport: A Meta Analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 24, 168-188

Carron, A.V., Hausenblas, H.A., & Eys, M.A. (2005). Group dynamics in sport (3rd ed.). Morgantown, Ww: Fitness Information Technology.

Feltz, D. L. & Lirgg, C. D. (1998) Perceived team and player efficacy in hockey,Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 557–564.

Feltz, D.L., Short, S.E., Sullivan, P.J., (2008) Self- Efficacy in Sport: Research and strategies for working with athletes, teams, and coaches. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics

Festinger, L., Schachter, S., & Back, K. (1963) Social pressures in informal groups. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press

Hardy, J., Eys, M. A. & Carron, A. V. (2005). Exploring the Potential Disadvantages of High Cohesion in Sports Teams, Small Group Research; 36, 166-187

Kozub, S. A. & McDonnell, J. F. (2000). Exploring the relationship between cohesion and collective efficacy in rugby teams. Journal of Sport Behavior, 23, 120 – 129.

Lott, A. J. & Lott, B. E. (1965). Group cohesiveness as interpersonal attraction: A review of relationships with antecedent and consequent variables. Psychological Bulletin, 64, 259-309.

Myers, N. D., Feltz, D. L. & Short, S. E. (2004a). Collective efficacy and team performance: A longitudinal study of collegiate football teams, Research and Practice, 8, 126–138.

Group Dynamics: Theory,

Öcel, H. (2002). The Role of self efficacy, collective efficacy beliefs and cohesiveness in predicting player’s evaluations of their teams past present performance and future performance expectancies. Unpuplished Master Thesis. Ankara

Paskevich, D. M., Brawley, L. R., Dorsch, K. D. & Widmeyer, W. N. (1999). Relationship between collective efficacy and cohesion: Conceptual and measurement issues. Group Dynamics, 3, 210 – 222.

Riggs, M.L., Warka J., Babasa, B., Betancour, R. & Hooker, S., (1994). Development and Validation of Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectancy Scales for Job-Related Applications. Educational and Psychological Measuurement, 54, 793-802.

Short, S.E., & Short, M.W. (2005). Role of the coach in the coach-athlete relationship. Lancet: Medicine and Sport, 366 (Suppl. 1) S, 29-39

Spink, K. S. (1990). Collective Efficacy in The Sport Setting. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 21, 380 – 395.

Sullivan, P., & Feltz, D.L. (2005). Applying social psychology to sports teams. In F.W. Schneider, J. Gruman, & L. Coutts (Eds.) Applied social psychology: Understanding and addressing social problems (p, 129-149). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Watson, C. B., Chemers, M. M. & Preiser, N. (2001). Collective efficacy: A multilevel analysis, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1057–1068.

Zaccaro, S. J., Blair, V., Peterson, C. & Zazanis, M. (1995). Collective efficacy. In J. E. Maddux (Ed.), Self-efficacy, adaptation, and adjustment: Theory, research, and application (305 – 328). New Y