Multivariate Relationships among Efficacy, Cohesion, Self-Talk and Motivational Climate in Elite Sport
The present study examined relationships among motivational climate, self-efficacy, collective efficacy, cohesion and self-talk in soccer players. Data were obtained from male players (N = 139, mean age = 23, SD = 4.43 yrs) from nine teams. Participants completed the GEQ, the PMCSQ-2, as well as measures of self-talk, self-efficacy, and collective efficacy created for this study. Canonical analyses indicated that higher levels of Determination Collective Efficacy, Skills Collective Efficacy and Skills Self-Efficacy were associated with high levels of individual attractions to group-task cohesion, group integration-task and group integration-social cohesion, positive self-talk about the team, and a task-oriented motivational climate. Generally, players with high levels of self and collective efficacy used self-talk about the team more often, as well as possessed high levels of task cohesion and perceived their team climate to be more mastery-oriented. Conclusions, future directions and implications are discussed in detail.
KEYWORDS: Collective efficacy, self-efficacy, motivational climate, cohesion, self-talk.